People can suffer traumatic brain injury if they sustain a blow to the head. Car crashes rank among top causes of TBI, along with falls and being struck with objects, because they typically involve an impact, often when the vehicle has been traveling at a high speed. In such cases, TBI can be a possibility even without a direct impact to the head because the force of the stop causes the brain to strike the inside of the skull.
TBI symptoms can develop and change over time. Many people experience some levels of improvements rather than a full recovery. A personal injury lawsuit may offer a chance at legal recompense to offset the various expenses and losses a victim may incur as a result.
At the crash site
TBI may begin with losing consciousness at impact and some memory impairment afterward. In cases of moderate TBI, the period of unconsciousness typically lasts half an hour or less. Sometimes this period is so brief the person does not even remember passing out.
Especially if someone does not have a visible head wound or other obvious injuries, he or she may go home from the accident scene without visiting the emergency room. Even when people do go to the ER, personnel there may not be able to identify TBI at the time and send them home. Thus, victims should always follow up with a comprehensive checkup from a physician.
TBI symptoms can surface gradually over a period of days and even weeks after the crash. Many of them can initially appear as normal, minor ailments that would not usually warrant concern. Common signs include headaches, vertigo, blurry vision, nausea, fatigue, difficulty paying attention and mood swings. Some people may experience some impairments to memory, speech or movement. Generally, if someone has any of these symptoms following a crash, he or she should visit a doctor and remember to mention the car accident.
People who experience emotional or psychological changes often have trouble recognizing they are behaving differently. In the time following a crash, they should be sure to take it seriously if friends or family members bring up changes in behavior - this could be a TBI symptom that indicates a need for medical attention.